A series of thought-provoking images from Gallipoli in 1915.
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In memory of Gallipoli
8th April 2015
“Those heroes that shed their blood
And lost their lives.
You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country.
Therefore rest in peace.
There is no difference between the Johnnies
And the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side
Here in this country of ours.
You, the mothers,
Who sent their sons from far away countries
Wipe away your tears,
Your sons are now lying in our bosom
And are in peace
After having lost their lives on this land they have
Become our sons as well."
- Kemal Ataturk (1934)
A view of troops landing from ships' boats onto the beach at Anzac Cove on 25 April 1915. The men are thought to be New Zealand soldiers.
The photographer, Lyell Tatton, climbed above the beach to take the photo. He was in the Wellington Battalion, which arrived at the beach in the late afternoon. Credit: Wairarapa Archive, 14-50/2.
Landing troops at Gaba Tepe, Gallipoli (Anzac Cove) 25 April 1915. Courtesy of Archives New Zealand (Archives Ref: PC4 1587/1915).
New Zealand troops disembarking at Gallipoli, 25 April 1915. Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 2001-215.
A scene from the southern end of Anzac Cove, probably taken some days after the landing at Gallipoli. The image shows men on Anzac Cove beach, with several boats by primitive jetties. The large boat in middle distance is probably a horse lighter. There are three Red Cross flags, probably marking first aid posts. Some dugouts with canvas covers are on the hill above the beach. The hill at left is Ari Burnu. Credit: Wairarapa Archive, 14-50/3.
A group of unidentified Australian and New Zealand soldiers in a front line trench on the Gallipoli Peninsula. Standing in the narrow confines of a trench passage, with sandbags at the parapet above them, several of the men are smoking pipes and cigarettes. Image courtesy of the Australian War Memorial. ID number C03420.
A hillside at Gallipoli with dozens of dugouts, many of which are covered with canvas. The hillside has been terraced to create level ground. The location may be the side of Ari Burnu or in a gully near the Sphinx landmark. Credit: Wairarapa Archive, 14-50/4.
Photographic postcard showing two soldiers with an unexploded Turkish shell at Anzac. Postcard sent by Sapper Ebenezer Johnson to his sister E Johnson, 28 October 1915. Image courtesy of the Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, Record number: 657-4.
A soldier standing by a cemetery near a hill at Anzac Cove, Gallipoli. The large cross at right has at least five names on it. The photo is presumably taken just before the evacuation of Anzac Cove which finished on 20 December 1915.
Credit: Wairarapa Archive, 11-72/4-2-19.
The wounded being brought alongside an unidentified hospital ship off Gallipoli in barges and a lighter. There appear to be a number of walking sick and wounded as well as stretcher cases.
Image courtesy of the New Zealand National Army Museum, accession number: 1992.760
The 40-plus surf boat crews from New Zealand, Australia, Britain, France and Turkey which participate in the marathon G100 event over two days leading up to 25 April 2015 - the centenary of the Anzac landing - will put ashore at a beach close to Anzac Cove.
‘Simpson and his Donkey’
18th March 2015
Horace Moore-Jones painted several versions of the famous picture. His original name for it was ‘Spirit of Anzac’. His first donkey was known as Abdul, Murphy or Duffy.
There were animals at Gallipoli too. Horses, chickens, cats, tortoises, turtles – and donkeys.
Because there was no water supply, donkeys were brought from the Greek islands to carry water up to the men in the trenches.
They were also used as living ambulances by stretcher bearers like Private John Simpson, an Englishman serving with the AIF. He made many rescue trips with his donkey, night and day, and he was cheerful and whistling even in the most dangerous situations. The men often asked, ‘Has the bloke with the donk stopped one yet?’
On 19 May 1915, only three weeks after landing, Simpson was shot and killed. His unselfish courage and the way he helped others symbolised the Anzac spirit. Years later, his donkey was awarded the RSPCA Purple Cross Award for animal bravery in war.
‘The Landing at Anzac : April 25th, 1915’. This picture by Charles Edward Dixon, painted in 1915, shows the troops under fire, landing and running up the beach.
Charles Dixon (1872-1934) was an English artist who specialised in marine scenes, working in both oils and watercolours. He is probably best known for his depictions of activity on the Thames River in London, but he is also known for his paintings of major events in maritime history.
Anzac Beach, June 1915
Poster on display at the Queensland Maritime Museum in Brisbane.
Image # 13 : Anzac Day was made official in 1916. Pictured here is Lord Kitchener, left, known for appearing on the 'Your Country Needs You' posters. The members of the British army gathered to commemorate Anzac Day during a memorial parade in London on 25 April 1916.
Image # 12 : Heavy guns are brought onto shore in October 1915. The huge Howitzer gun was used to blast Turkish enemies out of their trenches with limited success.
Image # 11 : A stretcher carries one of the wounded Anzac troops arriving in Cairo, Egypt, from Gallipoli.
Image # 10 : Turkish troops pictured leaving their trenches to charge into battle with French and British troops in the early stages of the Gallipoli campaign in 1915.
Image # 9 : Sandbags were piled up at the camp in Gallipoli and ammunition was lined up to fight off Turkish troops. Makeshift huts were also built to provide some shelter from the elements.
Image # 8 : Anzac troops and their stores on a beach at Gallipoli. At the camp, troops cared for their wounded and kept their provisions in crates offloaded from boats and piled onto the beach.
Image # 7 : An Anzac soldier carries a wounded comrade through the battlefield in 1915.
Image # 6 : Anzac troops charge a Turkish trench but find it deserted upon arrival. While the campaign was a disaster, it is seen as a defining period in the national character of both New Zealand and Australia.
Image # 5. Anzacs resting before battle in front of their dugout in Turkey. The 25th of April was officially declared Anzac Day in 1916.
Image # 4 : This painting by Cyrus Cuneo shows troops landing on the beach at Gallipoli on 25 April.
Image # 3 : Troops are pictured in 1915 at Gallipoli during World War One. A total of 20,761 British, Australian and New Zealand soldiers were killed during the failed invasion.
Image # 2 : Anzac troops were brought ashore in boats to the Dardanelles. Some Anzac soldiers failed to even reach the shore or became trapped between the sea and the hills.
Image # 1 : Anzac troops are pictured being shipped to the Dardanelles. During the eight-month bloody fight thousands of the soldiers were killed.